Glossary
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Tax Bracket
The range of taxable income that is taxed at a certain rate. Brackets are expressed by
their marginal rate.

Tax Credit
Tax credits, the most appealing type of tax deductions, are subtracted directly, dollar
for dollar, from your income tax bill.

Tax Deferred
Interest, dividends, or capital gains that grow untaxed in certain accounts or plans until
they are withdrawn.

Tax-Exempt Bonds
Under certain conditions, the interest from bonds issued by states, cities, and certain
other government agencies is exempt from federal income taxes. In many states, the
interest from tax-exempt bonds will also be exempt from state and local income taxes.

Taxable Income
The amount of income used to compute tax liability. It is determined by subtracting
adjustments, itemized deductions or the standard deduction, and personal exemptions
from gross income.

Technical Analysis
An approach to investing in stocks in which a stock's past performance is mapped onto
charts. These charts are examined to find familiar patterns to use as an indicator of
the stock's future performance.

1031 Exchange
The sale of existing investment in real estate for another.  If proceeds are reinvested in
a like kind asset than no gains or losses are recognized, deferring the capital gains.

1035 Exchange
Allow you to move your money from one life insurance company to another without a
taxable event.

Tenancy in Common
A form of co-ownership. Upon the death of a co-owner, his or her interest passes to his
or her chosen beneficiaries and not to the surviving owner or owners.

Term Insurance
Term life insurance provides a death benefit if the insured dies. Term insurance does
not accumulate cash value and ends after a certain number of years or at a certain
age.

Testamentary Trust
A trust established by a will that takes effect upon death.

Testator
One who has made a will or who dies having left a will.

Total Return
The total of all earnings from a given investment, including dividends, interest, and any
capital gain.

Trust
A legal entity created by an individual in which one person or institution holds the right
to manage property or assets for the benefit of someone else. Types of trusts include:
Testamentary Trust – A trust established by a will that takes effect upon death; Living
Trust – A trust created by a person during his or her lifetime;
Revocable Trust – A trust
in which the creator reserves the right to modify or terminate the trust; Irrevocable
Trust – A trust that may not be modified or terminated by the trustor after its creation

Trustee
An individual or institution appointed to administer a trust for its beneficiaries.

Trustee to Trustee Transfer
A method of transferring retirement plan assets from one employer's plan to another
employer plan or to an IRA. One benefit of this method is that no federal income tax will
be withheld by the trustee of the first plan.

Universal Life Insurance
A type of life insurance that combines a death benefit with a savings element which
accumulates tax deferred at current interest rates. Under a universal life insurance
policy, the policyholder can increase or decrease his or her coverage, with limitations,
without purchasing a new policy.

Urgent Care Facility
A licensed facility manned by a physician and staff.  They may provide medical
services 24 hours 7 days per week.  They may be a cost effective solution to an
Emergency Room for an unexpected illness or injury that is not life threatening but
requires immediate outpatient medical care that cannot be postponed.

Volatility
The range of price swings of a security or market over time.

Welfare Benefit Plan
An employee benefit plan that provides such benefits as medical, sickness, accident,
disability, death, or unemployment benefits.

Whole Life Insurance
A type of life insurance that offers a death benefit and also accumulates cash value,
tax deferred at fixed interest rates. Whole life insurance policies generally have a fixed
annual premium that does not rise over the duration of the policy. Whole life insurance
is also referred to as "ordinary" or "straight" life insurance.

Will
A legal document that declares a person's wishes concerning the disposition of
property, the guardianship of his or her children, and the administration of the estate
after his or her death.

Yield
In general, the yield is the amount of current income provided by an investment. For
stocks, the yield is calculated by dividing the total of the annual dividends by the
current price. For bonds, the yield is calculated by dividing the annual interest by the
current price. The yield is distinguished from the return, which includes price
appreciation or depreciation.

Zero-Coupon Bond
This type of bond makes no periodic interest payments but instead is sold at a steep
discount from its face value. Bondholders receive the face value of their bonds when
they mature.

Zero-Sum Game
Situation in which the gains of the winners are matched by the losses of the losers.  
For example, futures and option trading are zero-sum games because for every
investor holding a profitable contract, there is another investor on the other side of the
trade who is losing money.
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